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পৃষ্ঠাসমূহ

SYLLABU-Farms and Farming

DEPARTMENT OF AGRONOMY

Patuakhali Science and Technology University

DUMKI, PATUAKHALI

Subject: Agronomy

Credit hour : 21

SYLLABUS OF B. Sc. Ag.(Hons.) Courses

Course code: AGR 427

Course Title: Farms and Farming

Credit hour: 2+1

Offering semester: Winter/Autumn

Batch of Student entitled: L4-8th

Course Content

THEORETICAL

AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS : General trend of different categories of land utilization; general trend of area, production and yield of majors crops of Bangladesh

FARM MANAGEMENT : Concept of farm and farming. Farm establishment – Factors to be considered in establishing a farm. Farm planning, layout and budgeting. Farm record and record keeping with purposes and descriptions. Basic principles of farm management and application of law of diminishing return, cost principle, law of substitution and law of opportunity cost.

CROPPING SCHEME :, utility and preparation.

CALENDAR : Objectives, utility, procedure of preparation.

CROP REPORTING, CROP FORECASTING AND CROP CUTTING EXPERIMENT : Concept, objectives and methods.

FARMING SYSTEM : Concept, determinants, classification. Component of farming system, interaction between components. Factors governing choice and size of enterprises, Characteristics of farming system of Bangladesh. Models of integrated farming system for wet and dry lands. Role of integrated farming system in sustainable agriculture. Organic farming-Concept, characteristics, benefits and constraints.

CROPPING SYSTEM :-Major cropping patterns of Bangladesh, determinants. Possible improvement of cropping patterns of Bangladesh. Recent changes in cropping systems of Bangladesh. Resource allocation and management in cropping system.

.

Multiple cropping: Objectives, types advantages and disadvantages.

Crop rotation: Objectives, principles and limitation.

Crop diversification; Concept, importance, present and future strategy in Bangladesh.

SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE : Concept, constraints. Resource management for sustainable agriculture.

RAINFED FARMING : Concept, distribution in world and Bangladesh, ecological characteristics, their effects on crop production. Management practices of rainfed farming.

COASTAL FARMING : Concept. Characteristics of coastal farming. Scope of crop production in the coastal belt of Bangladesh. Agronomic management practices for crop production in coastal belt of Bangladesh.

HILL AGRICULTURE : Concept, ecological characteristics. Present form and future prospect of crop cultivation in the hilly regions of Bangladesh. Appropriate management practices for hill cultivation.

AGRICULTURAL PROBLEMS OF BANGLADESH AND POSSIBLE SOLUTION : Identification of Agricultural problems of Bangladesh and selection of researchable problems through prioritization.

PRACTICAL

1.Conducting an experiment to study the effect of agronomic practices on crop production and to prepare a project report

2. Graphical presentation of land utilization and crop statistics in Bangladesh.

3. Laying out of an agricultural farm

4. Preparation of a farm budget

5. Maintenance of farm records

6. Preparation of a cropping scheme for varying resource situations

7.Graphical presentation of major cropping patterns of Bangladesh in relation to ecological parameters.

8. Preparation of crop rotation schedule.

9. Preparation of crop calendar.

10. Case studies on integrated farming systems for wet and dry lands.

11.Development of integrated farming systems for different resource situations.

12.Conducting crop cutting experiment.

13.Preparation of a crop report.

14 Visit to hilly and coastal areas of Bangladesh.

Books and Periodicals Recommended

Text Books

1. Chatterjee,B.N. and Maithi, S. 1984. Cropping system-Theory and Practice.

Oxford and IBH Publishing Pvt. Ltd. New Delhi.

2. Michael,H. 1982. An Introduction to farming system. Tien Mab Lither Printing

Co. Pvt. Ltd. London.

3. Efferson,J.M.1953.Principles of Farm Management. McGraw-Hill Book Co., New

York.

4. Hedges,.T.R.1969.Farm Management Decision.Prentice Hall.Inc.Englewood

Cliffs.London.Tokyo.Sydney.

Reference Books

1.Beneke ,R.R.1966. Managing the Farm Business.John Willey and Sons.Inc.Ney York.

London. Sydney.

2. Francis, C.A. 1986. Multiple Cropping System. Macmillan Publishing Co.

New York.

3.Hoque,M.E. 1984.Cropping systems in Asia.On-Farm Research and Management. IRRI

Philippines.