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পৃষ্ঠাসমূহ

GEOGRAPHICAL LOCATION OF BANGLADESH :

GEOGRAPHICAL LOCATION OF BANGLADESH :

Bangladesh extends from 20034¢ N to 26038¢ N Latitude and from 88001¢ E to 92041¢ E longitude. Maximum extension is about 440 Km in the E-W direction and 760 Km in the NNW-SSE direction. Indian state of Meghalaya in the north, the Bay of Bengal in the south, the Tripura state of India and Myanmar in the east and Indian state of west Bengal in the west borded Bangladesh. The total length of the border is about 4,246 Km, of which 93.9% is shared with India and about 6.1% with Myanmar. The length of the coastline is more than 580 Km. The territoral waters of Bangladesh extend 12 nautical miles (22.22.Km) and the area of high seas extending to 200 nautical miles (370.40Km) measured from the base lines constitutes the economic zone of the country.

[The area of Bangladesh is 1,47,570 square kilometer]

Agricultural Perspective of Geographical Location of Bangladesh :

The life of a plant is so intimately related with the environmental factors of a place that every species of plant seems to be fitted to a particular set of environmental conditions within the limits of which it is able to grow and reproduce its own kinds. Again, environment of an area is strongly governed by its geographical location. The dangers to agriculture which depend on geographical location of an area include-


- the incidence and extent of pest and diseases

- the incidence and effect of drought

- soil erosion from wind or water

- the incidence, frequency and extent of cyclones, tornados, earthquakes, norwesters hail storms, etc.

- depletion of soil organic matter and soil fertility

- the extent of soil salinity

So, all crops can not be grown successfully in all place. One should take consideration of all these points in selecting and adopting of any crop in a particular area.

However, Bangladesh being situated under tropical and subtropical region and surrounded by the Assam Hills in the east, the Meghalaya plateau (the Himalayas) in the north and the north-west and the Bay of Bengal in the south, The weather and climate is not too extreme. For this reason, all most all tropical, subtropical and some temperature crop can be grown in Bangladesh.